Public Release: 22-Aug-2008
American Journal of Medical Genetics
UC Davis researchers define characteristics, treatment options for XXYY syndrome
Researchers at the UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute and the Children’s Hospital in Denver have conducted the largest study to date describing the medical and psychological characteristics of a rare genetic disorder in which males have two “X” and two “Y” chromosomes, rather than the normal one of each.
Bonfils-Stanton Foundation, UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute, The XXYY Project, National Institutes of Health–udr082208.php

Public Release: 22-Aug-2008
BMC Cancer
Women exposed to negative life events at greater risk of breast cancer: BGU study
Happiness and optimism may play a role against breast cancer while adverse life events can increase the risk of developing the disease, according to a study by Professor Ronit Peled at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel

Public Release: 22-Aug-2008
Journal of Consumer Research
Healthy people and enhancement drugs
Healthy people are more willing to take drugs to enhance traits that are not fundamental to their identity. People’s willingness to take a pill or drug depends on whether the trait the drug promises to enhance is one they consider fundamental.

Public Release: 22-Aug-2008
Journal of Consumer Research
Part of the in-group? A surprising new strategy helps reduce unhealthy behaviors
Public health campaigns intended to reduce unhealthy behaviors like binge drinking and eating junk food often focus on the risks of those behaviors. But a new study suggests a relatively simple but surprisingly effective strategy to improve consumer health.
“Authors Jonah Berger (University of Pennsylvania) and Lindsay Rand (Stanford University) found that linking a risky behavior with an ‘outgroup’ (a group that the targeted audience doesn’t want to be confused with) caused participants to reduce unhealthy behaviors….The studies began by identifying groups of people who study participants liked, but with whom the participants would not want to be confused….” [For undergraduates in this study:¬† grad students and gamers.]

Public Release: 22-Aug-2008
Journal of Experimental Biology
Elephant legs are much bendier than Shakespeare thought
Through out history everyone though that elephants walk on inflexible column like legs. But when John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College saw champion Thai racing elephants hurtling along at almost 7 m/s, he knew something else must be going on. Filming captive Asian elephants in UK zoos, and comparing his results with Delf Schwerda’s data on African elephants, Hutchinson has found that elephant legs are very springy and almost as flexible as trotting horses’ legs.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Public Release: 21-Aug-2008
‘Can you see me now?’ Sign language over cell phones comes to United States
A group has demonstrated software that for the first time enables deaf and hard of hearing Americans to use sign language over a mobile phone.
National Science Foundation
“Communication rates on United States cellular networks allow about one tenth of the data rates common in places such as Europe and Asia (sign language over cell phones is already possible in Sweden and Japan).”


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