Public Release: 13-Aug-2008
Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium of the National Academy of Sciences
PNAS Early Edition
A recipe for saving the world’s oceans from an extinction crisis
Jeremy Jackson, senior scientist emeritus of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, asserts in the Aug. 12 issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, that the following steps, if taken immediately, could reverse the demise of the oceans.

Public Release: 13-Aug-2008
Turning waste material into ethanol
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University have developed a method for converting crop residue, wood pulp, animal waste and garbage into ethanol. The process first turns the waste material into synthesis gas, or syngas, and nanoscale catalysts then convert the syngas into ethanol.
US Department of Energy

Public Release: 13-Aug-2008
UNC researchers find MSG use linked to obesity
People who use monosodium glutamate, or MSG, as a flavor enhancer in their food are more likely than people who don’t use it to be overweight or obese even though they have the same amount of physical activity and total calorie intake, according to a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health study published this month in the journal Obesity.

Public Release: 13-Aug-2008
PNAS Early Edition
Duke-NIEHS team shows how DNA repairs may reshape the genome
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center and at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences have shown how broken sections of chromosomes can recombine to change genomes and spawn new species.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Aug-2008
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Smells like bees’ spirit
When bumblebees return to the nest from a successful foraging mission, they produce a pheromone which encourages their nest mates to also go out and find food. Scientists had originally thought that these pheromones elicited a standard response from all bees. But new research from Queen Mary’s School of Biological and Chemical Sciences has shown that bees’ response to the pheromone changes according to their situation.
Natural Environment Research Council

Public Release: 13-Aug-2008
PS: Political Science & Politics
Measuring the ‘Colbert Bump’
Democratic politicians receive a 40 percent increase in contributions in the 30 days after appearing on the comedy cable show “The Colbert Report.” In contrast, their Republican counterparts essentially gain nothing. These findings appear to validate anecdotal evidence regarding the political impact of the program, such as the assertions by host Stephen Colbert that appearing on his program provides candidates with a “Colbert Bump” or a rise in support for their election campaigns.


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