Public Release: 21-Jul-2008
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microbes beneath sea floor genetically distinct
Tiny microbes beneath the sea floor, distinct from life on the Earth’s surface, may account for one-tenth of the Earth’s living biomass, according to an interdisciplinary team of researchers, but many of these minute creatures are living on a geologic timescale.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology, US Department of Energy, Pennsylvania Department of Health

Public Release: 21-Jul-2008
Journal of Virology
New evidence of battle between humans and ancient virus
Human ancestors fought back against an ancient retrovirus with a defense mechanism that our bodies still use today. Evidence of this battle has been preserved in our DNA for millions of years.
National Institutes of Health

Public Release: 21-Jul-2008
Tongue drive technology
Researchers have developed an experimental tongue-based system that may allow individuals with debilitating disabilities to control wheelchairs, computers and other devices with relative ease and no sophistication.

Public Release: 21-Jul-2008
Biological Psychiatry
Promising results in deep brain stimulation for patients with treatment-resistant depression
New data from a study of patients with treatment-resistant depression who underwent deep brain stimulation in the subcallosal cingulate region of the brain shows that this intervention is generally safe and provides significant improvement in patients as early as one month after treatment. The patients also experienced continued and sustained improvement over time.
Woodruff Fund, Stanley Medical Research Institute, Dana Foundation

Public Release: 21-Jul-2008
PLoS Medicine
New research links International Monetary Fund loans with higher death rates from tuberculosis
International Monetary Fund loans were associated with a 16.6 percent rise in death rates from tuberculosis in the former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern European countries between 1992 and 2002, finds a study in this week’s PLoS Medicine. The study also found that IMF loans were linked with a 13.9 percent increase in the number of new cases of TB per year and a 13.2 percent increase per year in the total number of people with the disease.


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