scientific press release synopses

From http://eurekalert.org:

Public Release: 21-May-2008
Earth may hide a lethal carbon cache
Carbon locked away deep within the Earth’s crust could have profound implications on our climate, according to a meeting in the US last week. It has long been assumed that this “deep carbon,” buried in old carbonate rocks, fossil fuels and ice lattices, could be safely ignored when it came to analyzing the effect of greenhouse gases on climate. But now it is emerging there is much more deep carbon ready to spew out than previously thought.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-05/ns-emh052108.php
http://www.newscientist.com

Public Release: 21-May-2008
Why do astronauts suffer from space sickness?
Centrifuging astronauts for a lengthy period provided Dutch researcher Suzanne Nooij with better insight into how space sickness develops, the nausea and disorientation experienced by many astronauts. Nooij defended her PhD theses on this subject at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft, The Netherlands) on Tuesday May, 20.
http://www.tudelft.nl/live/pagina.jsp?id=4b5a9d8e-7e2c-4659-a3a4-4d27124b4ca4&lang=en

Public Release: 21-May-2008
Nature
A missing link settles debate over the origin of frogs and salamanders
The description of an ancient amphibian that millions of years ago swam in quiet pools and caught mayflies on the surrounding land in Texas has set to rest one of the greatest current controversies in vertebrate evolution. The discovery was made by a research team led by scientists at the University of Calgary.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-05/uoc-aml052008.php

Public Release: 21-May-2008
New England Journal of Medicine
Smokers flock together, quit together
When smokers kick the habit, odds are they are not alone in making the move. Instead, the decision to quit smoking often cascades through social networks, with entire clusters of spouses, friends, siblings and co-workers giving up the habit roughly in tandem, according to a new study supported in part by the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-05/nioa-sft051908.php

Public Release: 21-May-2008
Brain’s ‘trust machinery’ identified
The brain centers triggered by a betrayal of trust have been identified by researchers, who found they could suppress such triggering and maintain trust by administering the brain chemical oxytocin. The researchers said their findings not only offer basic insights into the neural machinery underlying trust; the results may also help in understanding the neural basis of social disorders such as phobias and autism.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-05/cp-bm051508.php

Public Release: 20-May-2008
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Study reveals link among childhood allergies, asthma symptoms, and early life exposure to cats
A study released by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health, shows that cat ownership may have a protective effect against the development of asthma symptoms in young children at age five. The study found that children with cats in the home were more likely to have made allergy-related antibodies to cats.
National Institutes of Health
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-05/cums-srl052008.php

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